Manifest Format


Every app package should contain a manifest file named package.json in the format of JSON. This document will help you understand the meaning of each field of the manifest.

Quick Start

Following is a minimal manifest:

{
  "main": "index.html",
  "name": "nw-demo",
}

You only need at least these two fields to start with an NW.js app. Here is the quick explanation of them:

  • main: tell NW.js to open index.html in the same folder as package.json at start
  • name: gives the application a unique name called nw-demo

Required Fields

Each package must provide all the following fields in its package descriptor file.

main

  • {String} which page should be opened when NW.js starts.

You can specify a URL here. You can also specify just a filename (such as index.html) or a path (relative to the directory where your package.json resides).

name

  • {String} the name of the package. This must be a unique, lowercase alpha-numeric name without spaces. It may include “.” or “_” or “-” characters. It is otherwise opaque.

name should be globally unique since NW.js will store app’s data under the directory named name.

Features Control Fields

Following fields control which features NW.js should provide and how NW.js should open the main window.

nodejs

  • {Boolean} set nodejs to false will disable Node support in NW.js.

node-main

  • {String} Specify the path to a node.js script file. And it will be executed on startup in Node context before the first DOM window load.

single-instance

Deprecated

This property is deprecated since 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Boolean} Specify whether to start up single instance of your app. It’s set to true by default.

By default NW.js only allows one instance of your app. If you want to allow multiple instances of your app running at the same time, set this to false.

bg-script

  • {String} background script

window

webkit

  • {Object} controls what features of WebKit should be on/off, see WebKit Subfields below.

user-agent

  • {String} Override the User-Agent header in HTTP requests made from the application.

The following placeholders are available to composite the user agent dynamically:

  • %name: replaced by the name field in the manifest.
  • %ver: replaced by the version field in the manifest, if available.
  • %nwver: replaced by the version of NW.js.
  • %webkit_ver: replaced by the version of WebKit engine.
  • %osinfo: replaced by the OS and CPU information you would see in browser’s user agent string.

node-remote

Behavior Changed

This feature is changed in 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Array} or {String} Enable calling Node in remote pages. The value controls for which sites this feature should be turned on. Each item in the array follows the match patterns used in Chrome extension.

A match pattern is essentially a URL that begins with a permitted scheme (http, https, file, or ftp, and that can contain '*' characters. The special pattern <all_urls> matches any URL that starts with a permitted scheme. Each match pattern has 3 parts:

  • scheme — for example, http or file or *
  • host — for example, www.google.com or *.google.com or *; if the scheme is file, there is no host part
  • path — for example, /*, /foo*, or /foo/bar. The path must be present in a host permission, but is always treated as /*.

Here’s the basic syntax:

<url-pattern> := <scheme>://<host><path>
<scheme> := '*' | 'http' | 'https' | 'file' | 'ftp'
<host> := '*' | '*.' <any char except '/' and '*'>+
<path> := '/' <any chars>

chromium-args

  • {String} Specify chromium (content shell) command line arguments.

It will be useful if you want to distribute the app with some custom chromium args. For example, if you want to disable the GPU accelerated video display, just add "chromium-args" : "--disable-accelerated-video". If you want to add multiple arguments, separate each two arguments by space. This field can take a number of flags in one argument as well, via enclosing them in single quotation marks.

See Command Line Options for more information.

js-flags

  • {String} Specify the flags passed to JS engine (v8). e.g. turn on Harmony Proxies and Collections feature:
{
  "name": "nw-demo",
  "main": "index.html",
  "js-flags": "--harmony_proxies --harmony_collections"
}

inject_js_start

inject_js_end

  • {String} a local filename, relative to the application path, used to specify a JavaScript file to inject to the window.

inject_js_start: The injecting JavaScript code is to be executed after any files from css, but before any other DOM is constructed or any other script is run.

inject_js_end: The injecting JavaScript code is to be executed after the document object is loaded, before onload event is fired. This is mainly to be used as an option of Window.open() to inject JS in a new window.

additional_trust_anchors

  • {String} Containing a list of PEM-encoded certificates (i.e. "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n...certificate data...\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n").

These certificates are used as additional root certificates for validation, to allow connecting to services using a self-signed certificate or certificates issued by custom CAs.

dom_storage_quota

  • {Integer} Number of mega bytes (MB) for the quota of the DOM storage. The suggestion is to put double the value you want.

no-edit-menu (Mac)

Deprecated

This property is deprecated since 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Boolean} whether the default Edit menu should be disabled on Mac OS X. The default value is false. Only effective on Mac OS X.

Window Subfields

title

  • {String} the default title of window created by NW.js, it’s very useful if you want to show your own title when the app is starting.

width

height

  • {Integer} the initial width/height of the main window.

toolbar

Deprecated

This property is deprecated since 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Boolean} should the navigation toolbar be showed.

icon

  • {String} path to window’s icon

position

  • {String} be null or center or mouse, controls where window will be put

min_width

min_height

  • {Integer} minimum width/height of window

max_width

max_height

  • {Integer} maximum width/height of window

as_desktop (Linux)

  • {Boolean} show as desktop background window under X11 environment

resizable

  • {Boolean} whether window is resizable

Beware, if resizable is set to false on OS X and frame is set to true, the user will still be able to make the window fullscreen. Set fullscreen to false to disable the fullscreen control.

always_on_top

Behavior Changed

This feature is changed in 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Boolean} whether the window should always stay on top of other windows.

visible_on_all_workspaces (Mac & Linux)

Behavior Changed

This feature is changed in 0.13.0. See Migration Notes from 0.12 to 0.13.

  • {Boolean} whether the window should be visible on all workspaces simultaneously (on platforms that support multiple workspaces, currently Mac OS X and Linux).

fullscreen

  • {Boolean} whether window is fullscreen

Beware, if frame is also set to false in fullscreen it will prevent the mouse from being captured on the very edges of the screen. You should avoid activate it if fullscreen is also set to true.

show_in_taskbar

  • {Boolean} whether the window is shown in taskbar or dock. The default is true.

frame

  • {Boolean} specify it to false to make the window frameless

Beware, if frame is set to false in fullscreen it will prevent the mouse from being captured on the very edges of the screen. You should avoid activate it if fullscreen is also set to true.

show

  • {Boolean} specify it to false if you want your app to be hidden on startup

kiosk

  • {Boolean} whether to use Kiosk mode. In Kiosk mode, the app will be fullscreen and try to prevent users from leaving the app, so you should remember to provide a way in app to leave Kiosk mode. This mode is mainly used for presentation on public displays

transparent

  • {Boolean} whether to turn on transparent window mode. The default is false.

Control the transparency with rgba background value in CSS. Use command line option --disable-transparency to disable this feature completely.

There is experimental support for “click-through” on the transparent region: add --disable-gpu option to the command line.

WebKit Subfields

double_tap_to_zoom_enabled

  • {Boolean} enable zooming with double tapping on mac with 2 fingers, default is false.

plugin

  • {Boolean} whether to load external browser plugins like Flash, default to true.

Other Fields

The Packages/1.0 standard specifies many other fields package.json should provide. Currently we don’t make use of them, but you provide them still.